Political Database


This page is now archived and will be kept indefinitely for research purposes. Only materials strictly necessary for essential documentation will be added. 

Some basic references

1870-1935

The Specific Relief Act dated 1 May 1877
(This India Act of 1877 is held to be in force in Myanmar. It has provisions for filing suit for the declaration of entitlement of  a legal character denied, or for a suit by a person whose property, franchise or personal right would be injured by forebearing of the specific act. The Act has been used by the National League for Democracy - along with the Law of Contract - against the Myanmar Government for their refusal to convene the Pyithu Hluttaw in 1990 and for declaring in September 2010 the NLD an unlawful organisation.)

1935-1975

The Government of Burma Act dated 2 August 1935

The Aung San-Attlee Agreement of 27 January 1947 [text on pages 8-10]

The Panglong  Agreement of 12 February 1947

The Constitution of the Union of Burma of 24 September 1947 in English

Facsimile copy of the 1947 Constitution in English

Report of the Frontier Areas Committee of Enquiry of 24 April 1947

The Constitution of the Union of Burma of 24 September 1947 in Burmese

UK Government - Provisional Government of Burma Treaty of 17 October 1947

Burma Independence Bill: Second Reading House of Commons 5 November 1947

The Constitution of the Socialist  Republic of the Union of Burma of  3 January 1974

The State Protection Law 1975 (as amended in 1991)

Burmese text of the State Protection Law 1975

1988 - 1990

SLORC Declarations Nos. 1 and 2 of 18 September 1988

The Multi-Party Democracy General Elections Commission of 21 September 1988

The Political Parties Registration Law No. 4 of 27 September 1988

The Forming of Organizations Law of 30 September 1988

Draft Statutes of the National League for Democracy (in Burmese) of September 1988

The Pyithu Hluttaw [National Assembly] Election Law No 14/89 of 31 May 1989

The Pyithu Hluttaw Election Rules 30 June 1989

The Manifesto of the National League for Democracy dated 6 November 1989

Law amending the Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law  dated 15 May 1990

SLORC Declaration No. 1/90 of 27 July 1990

NLD draft Interim Constitution released on 28 July 1990

Gandhi Hall Declaration of 29 July 1990

1991 - 1998

The  Law No. 10/91 of 10 July 1991 amending the Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law

Law Amending the 1975 State Protection Law of 9 August 1991

The "104" Basic Constitutional Principles published on 16 September 1993

The Law No. 5/96 of 7 June 1996 about the transfer of State Power

Committee Representing the People's Parliament formed 16 September  1998  

2007 - 2009

Burmese text - the Detailed Basic Principles released on 3 September 2007

An English version of the Detailed Basic Principles based on official releases  *

Another unofficial, virtually identical English version of these Principles

Announcement No. 2 of 18 October 2007 about a Constitution Drafting Commission

Announcements Nos.1 and 2 of 9 February 2008 by the SPDC      

Announcement No. 3 of 26 February 2008 by the SPDC 

Burmese Text - Referendum Law to approve the Draft Constitution 26 February 2008 

English Text - Referendum Law to approve the Draft Constitution 26 February 2008 

Burmese Text - the Referendum Rules and Procedures [no English text available] 

Burmese Text - the Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar 

Burmese Text of Amendment (typographical error) 

English Text - the Constitution of the Republic of the  Union of Myanmar as adopted

Bilingual version in 424 pages: First Print September 2008 in 10,000 copies  

Announcement by the Referendum Commission dated 15 May 2008 

Final Announcements by the Referendum Commission dated 26 May 2008 

Ratification and Promulgation of the draft Constitution dated 29 May 2008

*The collation was made by Khin Kyaw Han, NLD elected MP for Yenangyaung

2010 

Burmese text - Union Election Commission Law № 1/2010 of 8 March 2010
Official English translation of Law № 1/2010
Burmese text - Political Parties Registration Law №. 2/2010 of 8 March 2010
Official English translation of Law № 2/2010
Burmese text - Amendment dated 4 November 2011
Unofficial translation of Amendment dated 4 November 2011 
Burmese text - Bylaws (Notification No. 1) dated 17 March 2010 to Law № 2/2010

Burmese Text - Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law № 3/2010 of 8 March 2010
Official English translation of Law № 3/2010
Burmese text - Amendment dated 18 October 2011
Burmese text - Bylaws (Notification № 2) dated 17 March 2010 to Law № 3/2010

Burmese Text - Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law №. 4/2010 of 8 March 2010
Official English translation of Law № 4/2010
Burmese text - Amendment dated 18 October 2011
Burmese text - Bylaws (Notification № 3) dated 17 March 2010 to Law № 4/2010

Burmese Text - Region/State Hluttaw Election Law № 5/2010 of 8 March 2010
Official English translation of Law No. 5/2010
Burmese text - Amendment dated 18 October 2011
Burmese text - Bylaws (Notification № dated 17 March 2010 to Law № 5/2010 

2011
   
Notifications and Orders implementing the transfer of power
The New Light of Myanmar - 31 March 2011

The official daily today carries the texts issued on 30 March 2011 of:
  • 4 Notifications by the State Peace and Development Council signed by SPDC Chairman Senior General Than Shwe transferring legislative, executive and judicial powers to the new civil administration.
  • 24 Orders signed by Thein Sein as President appointing persons to ministerial, official and judicial posts at national, State and regional level.
  • 6 Notifications signed by Thein Sein as President  about the formation of institutions including the 35 member Union Government (President and two Vice-Presidents, 30 Ministers, Attorney-General and Cabinet Secretary).
  • Thein Sein's inaugural address to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Assembly of the Union - Lower and Upper Houses combined). 

Miscellaneous Articles and Papers  
Democracy as perceived in Burma/Myanmar 1921-2010
A Working Paper by the University of Passau illustrating how "democracy" has been perceived and practised in Myanmar during the past 70 years.

Background Article on the 1990 Elections
The 1990 Elections were characterised more by a failure of communications between the military government and the political parties than by broken promises.
    
An compendium of statements from original sources about the intended purpose of the 1990 Elections held in Myanmar; to be read in conjunction with the above article.
   
New Light of Myanmar on 4 February 2009 reported in detail on two meetings which UN Special Adviser Ibrahim Gambari held with the "Spokes Authoritative Team" of the State Peace and Development Council and also on a meeting with Prime Minister Thein Sein. As the report is ten pages long, key points have been highlighted in colour.
   
Text of the report in the "New Light of Myanmar" of 9 March 2008. The Referendum Commision explain to Ibrahim Gambari details of the Referendum to be held in May 2008 on the draft Constitution.
   
Text of the report in the "New Light of Myanmar" of 8 March 2008. The SPDC make it clear that they are not willing to consider any amendment of the draft Constitution which is however to be published shortly.
  
There has been much confusion about the eligibility of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to stand for election in 2010, partly due to informal comments made by Foreign Minister Nyan Win which have been taken too seriously.

The Burmese exile community and the national reconciliation process 
Derek Tonkin analyses the Burmee expatriate communityin a paper presented at a workshop in Hong Kong in January 2009.
  
Derek Tonkin analyses the implications of this vote in a paper delivered at a conference at the Institute of South East Asian Studies in Singapore on 25 May 2007.   

Statements by the National League for Democracy 
 
The NLD decided not to apply for re-registration as a political party by the deadline of 6 May 2010. Accordingly, as from 7 May 2010, the party as legal entity was effectively dissolved. Its re-registration as a new party under the old name was approved on 12 December 2011. Subsequent statements may be found on the NLD webpage.

See also the Compendium of NLD Statements 1988-2010 at this link      


Statement dated 25 April 2011 containing text of letter of 5 April 2011 
A review of sanctions on Burma of 8 February 2011 
Statement by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to the Davos Forum of 28 January 2011  
Economic vision and analysis of 4 January 2011 


NLD "Appeal to the People" of 6 April 2010 (in Burmese
NLD "Appeal to the People" of 6 April 2010 (unofficial English translation) 
NLD Special Announcement on the election laws of 23 March 2010 
Text of Independence Day Statement 4 January 2010 (in Burmese) 


Letter from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to Sen Gen Than Shwe 11 November 2009 
Letter from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to Sen Gen Than Shwe 25 September 2009 
Burmese version of letter dated 25 September 2009 
National League for Democracy "Shwegondaing Declaration" of 29 April 2009 


National League for Democracy Statement of Clarification of 23 February 2009 
National League for Democracy Special Statement of 17 February 2009 
Commentary in "The New Light of Myanmar" 16 June 2008 
National League for Democracy Special Statement of 6 June 2008 


Text of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's message made in Singapore 8 November 2007 
SPDC Statement on dialogue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi dated 4 October 2007 
National League for Democracy Special Statement of 15 September 2005 
NLD Independence Day Statement 4 January 2003 


Central Executive Committee Statement of 13 May 1996 on NLD dialogue efforts 
Letter from Chairman of the NLD  to SLORC dated 25 March 1996
Press Conference by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on 22 November 1995
Remarks by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi as reported by Reuters on 14 July 1995


Remarks by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi as reported by Reuters on 12 July 1995
Press Conference by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on 11 July 1995
Bo Aung Kyaw Road Declaration (English text) dated 29 August 1990
Bo Aung Kyaw Road Declaration (Burmese text) dated 29 August 1990
Gandhi Hall Declaration of 29 July 1990 

   

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